This project completion report details the overall project guiding principles, results, and specific country‐level context which was addressed.
- Our grassroots effort contributing to UN 2030 SDG targets no. 1.4, 6.1 and 6.2.
UMR’s WASH program efforts are guided by the recommendations of the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Program for Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (UNICEF/WHO JMP) to eliminate inequalities in WASH coverage and “leave no one behind”. For example, the JMP highlights that [although] the proportion of the global population practising open defecation decreased from 20 per cent to 12 per cent between 2000 and 2015, much remains to be done, especially in rural areas, where open defecation has been declining at a rate of just 0.7 percentage points per year. The JMP recommended that this rate would need to more than double in order to eliminate open defecation in rural areas by 2030.1
Table 1. Relevant UN 2030 SDG Targets
Global goals, targets and indicators for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene
|WASH SECTOR GOAL||SDG GLOBAL TARGET||SDG GLOBAL INDICATOR|
|Ending open defecation||By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations||Population practicing open defecation|
|Achieving universal access to basic services||By 2030, ensure all men and women, in particular the poor and vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services…||Population living in households with access to basic services (including basic drinking water, sanitation and hygiene)|
|Progress towards safely managed services||By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all|
By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations
|Population using safely managed drinking water services|
Population using safely managed sanitation services
Population with a basic hand washing facility with soap and water available on premises
- Community engagement and staff capacity building as key for sustainable implementation
To implement, UMR project carried out consultations with local government and local leaders to identify the priority beneficiaries and priority concerns of the community to be addressed.
In addition, staff responsible for implementation of the project received orientation and training on aspects of (water-well installation) strategy, procurement rules and procedures, reporting and record keeping in order to streamline future monitoring and evaluation, and avoid doubling of development efforts.
Finally, the project staff conducted sensitization training for beneficiaries on water safety, benefits of safe water, personal/environmental hygiene and maintenance of wells, etc. to ensure effectiveness and long-lasting results.
- Closing the Gender Gap: A Commitment to Universal2 Access
In addition to UMR’s efforts to close the rural-urban gap, UMR’s Dig Well project paid special attention to alleviate the double burden of access to clean water upon women and girls. Previous JMP analysis has shown that water collection from unimproved sources and surface water is more likely to take over 30 minutes, representing a double burden for women.3 This is most felt as women and girls are responsible for water collection in 8 out of 10 households with water off premises, so reducing the population with limited drinking water services will have a strong gender impact.4