Jordan

Population: 10 Million
30% of the population are non-Jordanians
52.2% under age 25
Refugee Population: 2 Million Palestinian
660,582 Syrian
140,000 Iraqi
Development Context: Refugee population, urban, high density
Government signed new holistic approach to deal with protracted displacement

Demographics

  • Population: 10 Million.[1] Approximately 30% of the population are non-Jordanians.
  • Youth: The Jordanian population is young, with more than half (52.2 %) being under the age of 25. Hence, the youth (of 15-24 years) constitute 16 % of the working-age population. The majority of Jordanians live in urban cities, with 60 % living within Amman and the three governorates.
  • Density: Irbid is the second most populated governorate with 1.77 million, followed by Zarqa (1.36 million), Mafraq (549,948), Balqa (491,709), Karak (316,629), Jerash (237,059), Madaba (189,192), Aqaba (188,160), Ajloun (176,080), Maan (144,082) and Tafileh (96,291).

Refugee Profile

  • As of August 2017, Jordan was host to over two million Palestinian refugees, 660,582 Syrian refugees and an estimated 140,000 Iraqis.[2] 89% of Syrian refugees living in host communities – as opposed to refugee camps, mostly in the capital Amman, and in the northern governorates.

Key Issues

  • Jordan is the second highest share of refugees compared to its population in the world, at 89 refugees per 1,000 inhabitants.[3]
  • Jordan signed the Jordan Compact in February 2016, as a new holistic approach between Jordan and the international community to deal with protracted displacement and large movement of refugees.
  • However, key actors in the international community find[4] that the Compact did not integrate refugee perspectives at the outset of the agreement; as such, it has been slow to improve their daily lives. UMR is committed to closing the gap between the needs and perceptions of target communities vis-à-vis priorities and aspirations of high-level actors to fulfill the agreements between the government of Jordan, other states and development partners.

UMR Engagement

  • UMR Jordan envisions future refugees and host communities are able to live with dignity and to be resilient/self-reliant through achieving sustainable development.
  • UMR’s Approach:
    1. UMR addresses vulnerabilities causes and delivers timely, appropriate, and effective basic needs services.
    2. UMR helps build resilient and healthy communities, with a particular emphasis on supporting women to engage in sustainable livelihoods.
    3. UMR fosters and contributes to the sustainable development goals 2030 through close partnerships and coordination with GoJ and I/NGOs and communities.
[1] World Bank
[2] ODI
[3] https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/FactSheetJordanFebruary2018-FINAL_0.pdf
[4] https://www.odi.org/sites/odi.org.uk/files/resource-documents/12058.pdf

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