Yemen

Population: 28.5 Million
Development Context: The humanitarian crisis in Yemen is the worst in the world, driven by conflict, economic collapse, and the continuous breakdown of public institutions and services.
Priorities: Epidemic prevention, food security.

Demographics

  • Population density is high in four governorates (Sana’a, Taiz, Ibb, and Hodeida).
  • The poorest country in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region even prior to the conflict.[1]

Key Issues

  • The Arab Spring arrived in the Republic of Yemen in early 2011. Following several dramatic political and security events that occurred between 2011 and 2014, Yemen descended into a full-fledged military conflict in March 2015. This conflict, coupled with insecurity, political instability, blockages to food and fuel deliveries, and general economic collapse has led to a severe humanitarian and development crisis, which has exacerbated what was already a fragile situation
  • More than two years of intense conflict have exacted a heavy toll on Yemen’s health system and have impeding the proper functioning of its water and sanitation services. As such, the spread of diarrhoeal diseases has reached unprecedented levels.[2]
  • The humanitarian crisis in Yemen is the worst in the world, driven by conflict, economic collapse, and the continuous breakdown of public institutions and services.
  • In 2019, the UN estimated that 24.1 million people—80 percent of the population—were “at risk” of hunger and disease, of which roughly 14.3 million were in acute need of assistance. An estimated 17.8 million people were without safe water and sanitation, and 19.7 million without adequate healthcare.[3]

UMR Engagement

UMR Yemen engages across the above-identified priority areas: health, food security and child protection. In Yemen, rapid response is crucial to catch up to a continuously evolving situation, and be able to tackle preventable disease and hunger.

[1] https://www.humanitarianresponse.info/en/operations/yemen/document/yemen-humanitarian-response-plan-january-december-2019
[2] https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/Hum%20bulletin%20-%20Issue%2030_%20January2018_FINAL.pdf
[3] https://www.worldbank.org/en/country/yemen/overview

 

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