Sudan

Population: 40 Million
Development Context: Sudan has been afflicted by internal conflicts, international isolation from the World economy due to comprehensive US sanctions (lifted in 2017), and chronic economic shocks as a result of political instability.
Recurring Disasters: Drought and flash floods. While Sudan is very arid, more than 82 per cent of people live in rural areas and are largely dependent on rain-fed subsistence agriculture and animal husbandry for their livelihoods. These climatic conditions have overlapped with conflict and economic and political instability to create extremely high levels of food insecurity. [1]

Key Issues:

  • Sudan serves as a source, destination and transit for irregular migration, including refugees and asylum-seekers using the East African North-bound migratory route through Libya to Europe.[2] The majority of people displaced by conflict live in South, North and Central Darfur states, which were hosting about 1.5 million IDPs as of the end of 2018. There were also 185,000 in South Kordofan and 47,000 in Blue Nile.[3]
  • On 24 January 2020, Sudan signed a peace framework agreement with one rebel group of the SRF (Sudanese Revolutionary Front) to be followed by a comprehensive peace agreement with armed groups before mid-February 2020. The peace talks will also include consultations from IDP representatives.[4] This signals some optimism in the opportunity to help both local host and refugee communities re-engage in trade and overcome hardship in the foreseeable future.

UMR Engagement:

  • UMR Sudan responds to emergencies by providing dignified food aid, healthcare and building shelters for displaced and conflict-afflicted families.
  • UMR also focuses on preventative healthcare and spreading awareness on breast cancer prevention, treatment and screening.

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[1] https://www.internal-displacement.org/countries/sudan
[2] https://www.worldbank.org/en/country/sudan/overview
[3] https://www.internal-displacement.org/countries/sudan
[4] https://reliefweb.int/report/sudan/unamid-provides-logistical-support-consultative-conferences-sudan-peace-process

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